Tag Archives: military-industrial complex

Russia will hold about 4,000 various combat training missions in 2015

According press release published on the official page of Russian Ministry of Defence, Tuesday, 13 January 2015, the Russian Federation National Center for State Defence Control has hosted a meeting between the Minister of Defence and the key personnel of the Armed Forces. They discussed the key issues of the state defence to deal with in the year 2015.

***o analiza extinsă asupra noii doctrine militare ruse și implicațiile în contextul actual puteți citi aici (Română):

Russian Ministry of Defence, General Army Sergey Shoigu

Russian Ministry of Defence, General Army Sergey Shoigu

Minister of Defence, Army General Sergey Shoigu reiterated the necessity of increasing the capacity of national Armed Forces in all strategic directions and improving the quality of training of the troops. He also mentioned that the Plan of Russian Federation Defence for the period of 2016-2020 should be worked out. “We are drawing up a new Russian Federation Defense Plan for 2016-2020 to ensure timely placing and obligatory fulfillment of state defense orders in 2015 to have modern models of weapons and military equipment as planned” Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu said, as Moscow refocuses its major rearmament plan, worth over 20 trillion rubles ($310 billion) over the span of 10 years, according to a new military doctrine. President Vladimir Putin has introduced a new Military Doctrine in the context of the Ukraine crisis, deteriorating relations with the United States, the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), as well as shifts within the international security environment. However, the doctrine appears innately defensive in its tone and content, offering some adjustments to the 2010 Military Doctrine, but retaining most of its core elements. This year, Shoigu said that Russian armed forces are set to receive some 700 armored and 1,550 other vehicles, 126 planes, 88 helicopters, and two Iskander-M missile systems. The navy will receive five surface warships and two multi-purpose submarines.

Also Ministry Shoigu turned his attention to the arrangement of the 201st military base garrison. He has brought into focus the necessity of creation of comfortable living environments for servicemen so that they could perform their tasks at a high quality level.

Russia will hold about 4,000 various combat training missions in 2015. A network of joint warfare training centers will be set up in every Russian military district, which by 2020 will all be interconnected by a single virtual battle space, according to the minister. In order to raise the professional level of its troops, the military hopes by the end of 2015 to recruit 52,000 contract soldiers, in addition to conscripts.

At the meeting there have been negotiated such key issues as fulfillment of tasks of the State Order – 2015; financing; re-equipment of the Armed Forces with modern armament, improvement of military infrastructure; issues of housing and social security of the servicemen;  surprise comprehensive inspections of the combat readiness of troops, trainings, and exercises, creation of the 330th center of military training for the Army, Airborne troops and the Navy (Ashuluk settlement, Astrakhanskya Oblast), arrangement of military settlements of the 201st Russian military base in Tajikistan, creation of centers for multi-service troops training.

Russia’s chief of General Staff, Gen. Valery Gerasimov

Russia’s chief of General Staff, Gen. Valery Gerasimov

Russia’s chief of General Staff, Valery Gerasimov, said that in 2015 Russia will focus on reinforcing its military on the Crimean peninsula, the Kaliningrad Region, and in the Arctic. “In 2015, the Defense Ministry’s main efforts will focus on an increase of combat capabilities of the armed forces and increasing the military staff in accordance with military construction plans. Much attention will be given to the groupings in Crimea, Kaliningrad, and the Arctic”  said General Gerasimov, quoted by RT.

During the teleconference the key personnel of the Ministry of Defence have received operational tasks within their competence. In the Arctic region, deputy Defense Minister Gen. Dmitry Bulgakov specified that Russia will rebuild an additional 10 military airfields in 2015. “We will reconstruct 10 airfields in the Arctic region this year, which will bring the number to 14 operational airfields in the Arctic” said Bulgakov.

A new branch of the Russian military, the Aerospace Defense Force, will be formed in 2015, ahead of schedule, through the merger of Air Force and Space Forces. “A new type of armed forces will be created in 2015, the Aerospace Defense Force, by merging two already existing military forces: the Air Force and Space Force” General Valery Gerasimov said, as Russia continues developing a reliable space echelon of the early-warning radar system to detect missile launches.

Russia will have its own Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Romanian version here.

Russian State Duma approved a proposal to establish an organization responsible for research and development in military technology – Foundation for Advanced Research (FAR). Institution that will meet the dual-purpose: research, the project initiation and implementation of research results can be considered a namesake/counterpart of the famous U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency – (DARPA) or like a Military Skolkovo with research in cybernetics and information technology, finding new materials and working techniques, equipment, weapons and military technology, energy, bio-medicine, nano-technology, nuclear technique.
New institution, even if has an uncertain time-line to materialize, will be designed to stimulate the development of weapons field and helps to streamline the procurement process of arms from Russia. The proposal came from the Russian Foundation for research in Advanced Defense Industry and was exposed to officials of Duma by the Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, known as responsible for the supervise running of the Russian military-industrial complex. “The main aim of this foundation is to eliminate a gap in our advanced research beside Western partners, after 20 years of stagnation in the whole Russian military science and defense industry” said Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin in his speach in front of the Russian parliament, quoted by RIA Novosti.
Rogozin added that the new agency will initially employ 100-150 of experts to monitor on medium and long term “high risk” on research and development projects of Russian defense firms and scientific institutions.
We note that the Russian government plans to spend over 20 billion rubles (614 billion dollars) for procurement of advanced military equipment by 2020. Even before his investiture as Prime Minister in May, Dmitry Medvedev gave assurances that there is money to be invested exclusively for research and acquisition of technology and advanced equipment and to rebuild infrastructure that in turn should to ensure the modernization of Russia’s military-industrial complex. Recently, faced with the heated debate on the adoption of the new budget, the Russian Prime Minister became more reserved. However, I cannot note that the new “Predator science and technology” – as it was called by the Vice PM Rogozin, still lacks a clearly allocated budget (it knows only that will be financed by the Russian state) and its establishment proposal comes amid the controversies existing on the need to reduce military spending. Moreover, it remains unclear of which ministry will subordinate this institution (which will bring together researchers from various fields, inventors from top, military experts, qualified technical staff) – aspects that makes a good project into a nightmare because of bureaucracy of Russian state institutions. All it known at this point is the General Manager of the FAR will be appointed by the president and board of directors will have an equal number of delegates from the presidency and government. Dmitry Rogozin said that the funding for research and implementation of over 150 projects that already are in the FAR portfolio will come from the National Defense Program budget. But experts point out that that program will end in 2020, which means that security of financing for projects with far-reaching is almost nonexistent. Many voices have praised the existence of a institution similar to DARPA, but noted that DARPA reports directly to the Pentagon’s US and is limited to research, while the FAR seems to be just an institution designed to reduce the duties and powers of the Ministry of Defence and expanded research and implementation status of research results made it look at least at this time a type of ostrich-camel with little chance to function effectively and quickly adapt to existing requirements and technological advances of Western partners. However, it is good to remember that since coming to the helm of the military-industrial complex of Russia, Dmitry Rogozin said he would uses all his experience gained from Western partners to reform Russia’s defense industry. In a visit (in May 2012) in the Sverdlovsk region, Rogozin also said bluntly that Russia will not proceeds like China and do not blindly copying Western models, but will have to develop by the ideas and technologies developed by itself. If it will succeed, only the future can tell us.