Romanian President Traian Basescu said Tuesday that Supreme Defence Council (CSAT) has approved the U.S. request to use the port of Constanta and Kogalniceanu airport for transit to and from Iraq and Afghanistan. More specifically, the Supreme Defence Council approved the U.S. request to use the Mihai Kogalniceanu Airport and Constanta Port as a transit point to transport troops and military equipment in Iraq and Afghanistan, and to transport them from Iraq to Europe.
In addition, CSAT has approved as the military base and airport Deveselu, Olt County to be location for the anti-missile shield elements. The decision where will be located the 24 interceptor missiles and a radar occurs after a thorough analysis of Romanian and American specialists. President Basescu also said that the base control will be ensured by Romanian officers. “It is not an American base, but a Roman military base of the Air Force, which is partially used to missile system. Romania has achieved an important objective, namely to ensure their long-term security. Missile shield elements are not directed against Russia.”; 200 U.S. troops will be deployed at the Deveselu military base, the maximum number can be stationed up to 500. Also Mircea Geoana, chairman of the Senate Chamber of the Parliament of Romania said that it is an important moment for strengthening the Romanian-American partnership, but expressed hope that the anti-missile shield will be developed as set out in the Lisbon Summit and Russia will be co-opted as a partner to remove suspicions.
According to the Ballistic Missile Defense Review Report, published by the U.S. Department of Defense on 1 February 2010, considered four stages of development:
– Phase I (ongoing):
* Protection of some parts of South-Eastern Europe, through the deployment of radar systems and SM-3 interceptors placed on ships, accompanied by placement of a forward radar, missile launch detection to the upward trajectory in the phase. The first phase began on March 7, 2011, by sending in the Mediterranean the ship “USS Monterey” equipped with the Aegis system.
– Phase II (time horizon 2015):
* Extension of protection by NATO allies for a new generation of operational SM-3 interceptors (enabling the launch of the ground) and new radar base. These units will be located in land in South-East. The project is agreed that the interceptors will be placed in Romania, while the location of the radar base to be established.
– Phase III (2018 timeframe):
* Expanding the system to cover all NATO members in Europe, by placing a new land bases in Poland, and by continuing the development of new SM-3 interceptors, place the sea and on land.
– Phase IV (2020 timeframe):
* Extension of protection from possible attacks by intercontinental missiles, including through further developing the SM-3 missile and radar systems.