The multipolar world means more «global policecount(r)y» ?
So… the United Nations Security Council approved a resolution Thursday evening that would establish a no-fly zone over Libya, and would authorize the use of air strikes against forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Qaddafi.
But… U.N. did not specify when the air patrols over Libyan airspace would begin, or which country would take the lead, but there are several reports that British and French warplanes could strike pro-government positions as soon as Friday. Jubilant Libyan rebels in Benghazi erupted with fireworks and gunfire after the U.N. vote Thursday evening (changing the masters means the joy of fools!!! :)) ).
The council’s resolution, approved yesterday 10-0 with five abstentions (Brazil, China, Russia, India and Germany), allows the U.S., the U.K., France and Arab nations to “take all necessary measures” to protect civilians. It excludes “a foreign occupation force of any form on any part of Libyan territory”. So… NATO can to attack ground targets from air. Of course, we have an excellent memory and remember that in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq also with air strikes began the war. 😀
According to the White House, President Barack Obama spoke with Prime Minister David Cameron of the United Kingdom and President Nicolas Sarkozy of France about coordinating their actions to enforce the resolution passed Thursday on Libya. In change, Guido Westerwelle, Germany’s Foreign Minister said Friday that German troops will not participate in any military action in Libya. “We believe that those who voted for military intervention have good motives, but looking at the risks not just in Libya but for the whole region, we have decided that German troops will not participate in military action,” he said. China also expressed reservations Friday about some aspects of the Security Council resolution. “We oppose the use of armed force in international relations and we have serious reservations about some of the content of the resolution” said Jiang Yu, a spokeswoman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
According Bloomberg, “oil surged in New York after the United Nations Security Council voted to ground Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi ’s air force as continuing unrest in the region renewed concerns the turmoil may spread and disrupt supply”.
Update: Saturday, 19 March
World leaders met Saturday in a summit in Paris that could be the final step before immediate international military action against Moammar Gadhafi’s forces in Libya. The meeting of 22 leaders hosted by French President Nicolas Sarkozy, including British Prime Minister David Cameron and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, took full shape only shortly before it was to begin. The African Union was not attending, as had previously been expected, but the Iraqi foreign minister was among those announced as late participants.
Meanwhile, the offensive continued on diplomatic front. Barack Obama met with President of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff. US Defense Secretary Robert Gates departs for Russia on Saturday for talks expected to touch on turmoil in the Middle East, the Afghanistan war and plans for missile defense, officials said. Gates was due to visit cultural landmarks in Saint Petersburg and address junior military officers on Sunday and Monday before meeting his Russian counterpart, Russian counterpart, Anatoly Serdyukov, and President Dmitry Medvedev in Moscow on Tuesday. While previous trips to Russia had been dominated by disputes over a planned US missile defense shield in Europe, this visit would cover a broader range of issues and reflected deepening military ties between the two countries, US officials said. Noticed that Brazil and Russia abstained from voting on resolution. Update: According AFP, Gates pushed back his departure to Sunday, a day later than planned, to remain in Washington and keep tabs on the developing situation in Libya, where the U.S. and its allies began military operations to enforce a U.N. no-fly zone.