More preparatory meetings of foreign ministers of five Caspian Sea littoral states (Iran, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Russia and Kazakhstan) were held in Baku (capital of Azerbaijan). Meetings during which the diplomats decided the final form of documents on the sea legal regime’s convention which is to be signed by heads of states in the summit on Thursday. According Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki, at Baku Summit will be sign more document of security cooperation of Caspian Sea states which was approved by special representatives of the littoral countries’ session in Baku last week.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev join Baku summit. Also Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad which is accompanied by senior aide Mojtaba Samareh-Hashemi, Chief of Staff Esfandiar Rahim-Mashaei and Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki.
In a press conference with Azeri counterpart Ilham Aliyev on Wednesday in Azerbaijan, Iranian President Ahmadinejad said that: “Iran and Azerbaijan share views on Caspian Sea and we believe that Caspian Sea is the sea of peace and brotherhood and all littoral states should use it fairly. Iran and Azerbaijan are playing a very leading role in the issue”. Regarding Nagorno-Karabakh dispute, Ahmadinejad said : “we believe that the conflict should be resolved through talks and in a fair manner”. Iran and Azerbaijan also signed an agreement on energy and transportation, notice ISNA.
Also, Ahmadinejad not missed the opportunity of new verbal attack regarding North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) moves. He said: “We do not consider NATO a danger to Iran, since they cannot damage Iranian nation even if they all come together. NATO military moves have no military value for Iran. We regard NATO decision makers as politically backward and their decisions have no value for us and for the future of the world”.
But bilateral talks between Medvedev and Ahmadinejad scheduled for Thursday afternoon are sure to overshadow a summit that in previous meetings has ended with little progress. The Kremlin Wednesday confirmed that the highly anticipated bilateral meeting would take place on the sidelines of the summit. As if anyone would have doubted it, a source in the Russian delegation said that Medvedev understood the importance of the meeting with Ahmadinejad. Probably, because analysts view the meeting as a last chance to repair relations that were Tehran’s most significant alliance with a major world power before the current crisis.Noticed that Russian-Iranian tensions came to the boil this September when Moscow — after repeated delays — officially dropped plans to supply Tehran with high-precision S-300 missiles and a batch of other sensitive arms. In reply, Iran hasn’t made efforts to hide its displeasure with Russia’s reversal. Ahmadinejad this month accused Russia of falling “under the influence of Satan (the United States)” and selling out “to our enemies”. Surely it isn’t an easy task for President Medvedev to appease Iran, with only a day before his participation in the NATO Summit in Lisbon. But many common commercial interests may be helpful.
The Caspian summit itself — the third gathering of nations that also includes Azerbaijan and the Central Asian states of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan — was unlikely to make much progress on its most important dispute: how to split up the sea. In this issue, Iran insists on dividing the Caspian into five equal portions while the Azerbaijanis are angling for access that corresponds to each country’s coastline.