On 1 December, The EU’s Lisbon Treaty comes into force, marking what Sweden’s prime minister Fredrik Reinfeldt describes as a “new era – more open and more democratic” for the 27-nation bloc.
Tuesday, in Lisbon, the Portuguese capital, the event was celebrated by a pageant with fireworks, music and leaders’ speeches. After, EU leaders were to attend a celebration dinner in Lisbon later Tuesday. In his speech, Mr. Fredrik Reinfeldt, Prime Minister of Sweden ( the country that holding the EU presidency) said that: “We open today a new page of success stories. In the future, when we make decisions concerning citizens’ freedom, security and justice, our main principle will be to make them together with the European Parliament”. The treaty makes the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights legally binding for EU institutions and, according to Mr. Reinfeldt, “we make clear equality between men and women and protection of children’s rights within all policy areas”. Herman van Rompuy, European Council President stated that: This is the most ambitious project of European history. Earlier today a new step in European construction. A project in which we want a Europe of all, more prosperous, more secure, peace and democracy “
Lisbon has come into force eight years after the EU started negotiations on the institutional reforms. Many analysts are calling it a historical day for the EU. However, questions like: What is the significance of the Lisbon Treaty once it takes effect? What role the Lisbon Treaty will play in the future development of the EU ? What impact will it bring to the EU’s foreign policy and its image on the world stage? The Lisbon Treaty will influence the growth pattern of other regional political and economic organizations ? generate the different views. Critics and skeptics accuse that the Treaty will cede too many national powers to Brussels. That is exactly what, in an interview for EuroNews, Jose Manuel Barroso, president of European Commission, consider to be the main asset of the Treaty. According to recent surveys, less than half the EU population (45 – 47%) trust the EU’s future.